What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback, often referred to as EEG biofeedback or brain wave training, is a type of biofeedback in which individuals are trained to improve their brain function.

Neurofeedback (NFB) has its foundation in basic and applied neuroscience, as well as evidence-based clinic practice.

Like other forms of biofeedback, neurofeedback uses sensors to detect physical changes of the body. Neurofeedback therefore involves placing small sensors on the scalp to see changes in a person’s brainwave activity. Precisely detecting brainwave activity allows it to be immediately analyzed by a computer that then presents sound and video information based on the brain’s performance. Using this feedback, the individual learns to regulate or control his or her own brain states.  This is helpful because the state of the brain has a strong influence on how a person thinks, acts, and feels, emotionally and physically.

Neurofeedback integrates clinical expertise with the best available research to address behavioral, cognitive, and subjective functions related to brain activity, and therefore meets the American Psychological Association’s definition of an evidence-based intervention. NFB is non-invasive, does not involve surgery or medication, is neither painful nor embarrassing, and has long-lasting effects.


Scientific studies show it promising for:

  • ADHD
  • Epilepsy
  • Autistic Spectrum disorders
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Chronic pain
  • Addictions
  • Traumatic brain injury


Studies show that NFB:

  • Improves attentiveness and impulse control
  • Decreases hyperactivity
  • Raises intelligence scores
  • Improves academic performance


Is Neurofeedback training helpful to athletes or performers?

Neurofeedback training is used to assist athletes and performing artists to remove obstacles to peak performance. Peak performance applications of NFB have demonstrated:

  • Improved concentration and memory
  • Enhanced creativity and problem-solving
  • Reduction of performance anxiety
  • Reduced extraneous movement
  • Increased self-confidence
  • Better performance

NFB has also been used to enhance learning and cognitive function in normal clients. Results show improved function in clients. Results show improved attention in college students and adults, and increased thinking speed and executive self-control in the elderly.


Typically NFP involves …

  • Two or more sessions per week
  • Twenty to forty-five minutes of feedback per session
  • Sound and visual feedback rewards for achieving training goals within sessions

As with most forms of treatment, NFB results will vary with each individual. NFB training may require 20-40 sessions or more, depending upon the age of the client and the severity of his or her condition.


– All data provided from the International Society for Neurofeedback & Research, or